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Service Archives > Bible from 30,000 Feet - 2018, The > Flight ROM01

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Flight ROM01
Romans 1-16
Skip Heitzig

Romans 1 (NKJV™)
1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God
2 which He promised before through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures,
3 concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh,
4 and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
5 Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name,
6 among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;
7 To all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.
9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of His Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers,
10 making request if, by some means, now at last I may find a way in the will of God to come to you.
11 For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, so that you may be established--
12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me.
13 Now I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that I often planned to come to you (but was hindered until now), that I might have some fruit among you also, just as among the other Gentiles.
14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise.
15 So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also.
16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek.
17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, "The just shall live by faith."
18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,
19 because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown it to them.
20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse,
21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened.
22 Professing to be wise, they became fools,
23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man--and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things.
24 Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among themselves,
25 who exchanged the truth of God for the lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.
26 For this reason God gave them up to vile passions. For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature.
27 Likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due.
28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a debased mind, to do those things which are not fitting;
29 being filled with all unrighteousness, sexual immorality, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil-mindedness; they are whisperers,
30 backbiters, haters of God, violent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
31 undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, unforgiving, unmerciful;
32 who, knowing the righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things are deserving of death, not only do the same but also approve of those who practice them.
Romans 2 (NKJV™)
1 Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things.
2 But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things.
3 And do you think this, O man, you who judge those practicing such things, and doing the same, that you will escape the judgment of God?
4 Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?
5 But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,
6 who "will render to each one according to his deeds":
7 eternal life to those who by patient continuance in doing good seek for glory, honor, and immortality;
8 but to those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness--indignation and wrath,
9 tribulation and anguish, on every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek;
10 but glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
11 For there is no partiality with God.
12 For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law
13 (for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified;
14 for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves,
15 who show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them)
16 in the day when God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.
17 Indeed you are called a Jew, and rest on the law, and make your boast in God,
18 and know His will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,
19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness,
20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having the form of knowledge and truth in the law.
21 You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal?
22 You who say, "Do not commit adultery," do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples?
23 You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law?
24 For "the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you," as it is written.
25 For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision.
26 Therefore, if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision?
27 And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law?
28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh;
29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.
Romans 3 (NKJV™)
1 What advantage then has the Jew, or what is the profit of circumcision?
2 Much in every way! Chiefly because to them were committed the oracles of God.
3 For what if some did not believe? Will their unbelief make the faithfulness of God without effect?
4 Certainly not! Indeed, let God be true but every man a liar. As it is written: "That You may be justified in Your words, And may overcome when You are judged."
5 But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unjust who inflicts wrath? (I speak as a man.)
6 Certainly not! For then how will God judge the world?
7 For if the truth of God has increased through my lie to His glory, why am I also still judged as a sinner?
8 And why not say, "Let us do evil that good may come"?--as we are slanderously reported and as some affirm that we say. Their condemnation is just.
9 What then? Are we better than they? Not at all. For we have previously charged both Jews and Greeks that they are all under sin.
10 As it is written: "There is none righteous, no, not one;
11 There is none who understands; There is none who seeks after God.
12 They have all turned aside; They have together become unprofitable; There is none who does good, no, not one."
13 "Their throat is an open tomb; With their tongues they have practiced deceit"; "The poison of asps is under their lips";
14 "Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness."
15 "Their feet are swift to shed blood;
16 Destruction and misery are in their ways;
17 And the way of peace they have not known."
18 "There is no fear of God before their eyes."
19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
20 Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
21 But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,
22 even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference;
23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,
24 being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,
25 whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed,
26 to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.
27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? Of works? No, but by the law of faith.
28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith apart from the deeds of the law.
29 Or is He the God of the Jews only? Is He not also the God of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also,
30 since there is one God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith.
31 Do we then make void the law through faith? Certainly not! On the contrary, we establish the law.
Romans 4 (NKJV™)
1 What then shall we say that Abraham our father has found according to the flesh?
2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.
3 For what does the Scripture say? "Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness."
4 Now to him who works, the wages are not counted as grace but as debt.
5 But to him who does not work but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness,
6 just as David also describes the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes righteousness apart from works:
7 "Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, And whose sins are covered;
8 Blessed is the man to whom the LORD shall not impute sin."
9 Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness.
10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised.
11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also,
12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised.
13 For the promise that he would be the heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
14 For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise made of no effect,
15 because the law brings about wrath; for where there is no law there is no transgression.
16 Therefore it is of faith that it might be according to grace, so that the promise might be sure to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all
17 (as it is written, "I have made you a father of many nations") in the presence of Him whom he believed--God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did;
18 who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, "So shall your descendants be."
19 And not being weak in faith, he did not consider his own body, already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah's womb.
20 He did not waver at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God,
21 and being fully convinced that what He had promised He was also able to perform.
22 And therefore "it was accounted to him for righteousness."
23 Now it was not written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him,
24 but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead,
25 who was delivered up because of our offenses, and was raised because of our justification.
Romans 5 (NKJV™)
1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
2 through whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
3 And not only that, but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance;
4 and perseverance, character; and character, hope.
5 Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us.
6 For when we were still without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps for a good man someone would even dare to die.
8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.
10 For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.
11 And not only that, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.
12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned--
13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.
15 But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man's offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many.
16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification.
17 For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)
18 Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.
19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous.
20 Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more,
21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 6 (NKJV™)
1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound?
2 Certainly not! How shall we who died to sin live any longer in it?
3 Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death?
4 Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
5 For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection,
6 knowing this, that our old man was crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves of sin.
7 For he who has died has been freed from sin.
8 Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him,
9 knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him.
10 For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God.
11 Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.
12 Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts.
13 And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God.
14 For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.
15 What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not!
16 Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one's slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness?
17 But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered.
18 And having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.
19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves of righteousness for holiness.
20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.
21 What fruit did you have then in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death.
22 But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life.
23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Romans 7 (NKJV™)
1 Or do you not know, brethren (for I speak to those who know the law), that the law has dominion over a man as long as he lives?
2 For the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband.
3 So then if, while her husband lives, she marries another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married another man.
4 Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another--to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should bear fruit to God.
5 For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were aroused by the law were at work in our members to bear fruit to death.
6 But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter.
7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary, I would not have known sin except through the law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the law had said, "You shall not covet."
8 But sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner of evil desire. For apart from the law sin was dead.
9 I was alive once without the law, but when the commandment came, sin revived and I died.
10 And the commandment, which was to bring life, I found to bring death.
11 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it killed me.
12 Therefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy and just and good.
13 Has then what is good become death to me? Certainly not! But sin, that it might appear sin, was producing death in me through what is good, so that sin through the commandment might become exceedingly sinful.
14 For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin.
15 For what I am doing, I do not understand. For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do.
16 If, then, I do what I will not to do, I agree with the law that it is good.
17 But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.
18 For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find.
19 For the good that I will to do, I do not do; but the evil I will not to do, that I practice.
20 Now if I do what I will not to do, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.
21 I find then a law, that evil is present with me, the one who wills to do good.
22 For I delight in the law of God according to the inward man.
23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
24 O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?
25 I thank God--through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.
Romans 8 (NKJV™)
1 There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.
3 For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh,
4 that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.
6 For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.
7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be.
8 So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
9 But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.
10 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.
11 But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.
12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors--not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh.
13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live.
14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
15 For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, "Abba, Father."
16 The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,
17 and if children, then heirs--heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him, that we may also be glorified together.
18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
19 For the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of God.
20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it in hope;
21 because the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.
22 For we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs together until now.
23 Not only that, but we also who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly waiting for the adoption, the redemption of our body.
24 For we were saved in this hope, but hope that is seen is not hope; for why does one still hope for what he sees?
25 But if we hope for what we do not see, we eagerly wait for it with perseverance.
26 Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
27 Now He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God.
28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.
29 For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren.
30 Moreover whom He predestined, these He also called; whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?
32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things?
33 Who shall bring a charge against God's elect? It is God who justifies.
34 Who is he who condemns? It is Christ who died, and furthermore is also risen, who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.
35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
36 As it is written: "For Your sake we are killed all day long; We are accounted as sheep for the slaughter."
37 Yet in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us.
38 For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor principalities nor powers, nor things present nor things to come,
39 nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Romans 9 (NKJV™)
1 I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit,
2 that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart.
3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen according to the flesh,
4 who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises;
5 of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.
6 But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For they are not all Israel who are of Israel,
7 nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, "In Isaac your seed shall be called."
8 That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted as the seed.
9 For this is the word of promise: "At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son."
10 And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac
11 (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls),
12 it was said to her, "The older shall serve the younger."
13 As it is written, "Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated."
14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not!
15 For He says to Moses, "I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion."
16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy.
17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth."
18 Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens.
19 You will say to me then, "Why does He still find fault? For who has resisted His will?"
20 But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, "Why have you made me like this?"
21 Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor?
22 What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction,
23 and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory,
24 even us whom He called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
25 As He says also in Hosea: "I will call them My people, who were not My people, And her beloved, who was not beloved."
26 "And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, 'You are not My people,' There they shall be called sons of the living God."
27 Isaiah also cries out concerning Israel: "Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, The remnant will be saved.
28 For He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, Because the LORD will make a short work upon the earth."
29 And as Isaiah said before: "Unless the LORD of Sabaoth had left us a seed, We would have become like Sodom, And we would have been made like Gomorrah."
30 What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith;
31 but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness.
32 Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone.
33 As it is written: "Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense, And whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame."
Romans 10 (NKJV™)
1 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is that they may be saved.
2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.
3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God.
4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
5 For Moses writes about the righteousness which is of the law, "The man who does those things shall live by them."
6 But the righteousness of faith speaks in this way, "Do not say in your heart, 'Who will ascend into heaven?'" (that is, to bring Christ down from above)
7 or, " 'Who will descend into the abyss?' " (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).
8 But what does it say? "The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart" (that is, the word of faith which we preach):
9 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.
10 For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
11 For the Scripture says, "Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame."
12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call upon Him.
13 For "whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved."
14 How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher?
15 And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: "How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, Who bring glad tidings of good things!"
16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, "Lord, who has believed our report?"
17 So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
18 But I say, have they not heard? Yes indeed: "Their sound has gone out to all the earth, And their words to the ends of the world."
19 But I say, did Israel not know? First Moses says: "I will provoke you to jealousy by those who are not a nation, I will move you to anger by a foolish nation."
20 But Isaiah is very bold and says: "I was found by those who did not seek Me; I was made manifest to those who did not ask for Me."
21 But to Israel he says: "All day long I have stretched out My hands To a disobedient and contrary people."
Romans 11 (NKJV™)
1 I say then, has God cast away His people? Certainly not! For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
2 God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel, saying,
3 "LORD, they have killed Your prophets and torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life"?
4 But what does the divine response say to him? "I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal."
5 Even so then, at this present time there is a remnant according to the election of grace.
6 And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work.
7 What then? Israel has not obtained what it seeks; but the elect have obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
8 Just as it is written: "God has given them a spirit of stupor, Eyes that they should not see And ears that they should not hear, To this very day."
9 And David says: "Let their table become a snare and a trap, A stumbling block and a recompense to them.
10 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they do not see, and bow down their back always."
11 I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But through their fall, to provoke them to jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles.
12 Now if their fall is riches for the world, and their failure riches for the Gentiles, how much more their fullness!
13 For I speak to you Gentiles; inasmuch as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry,
14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh and save some of them.
15 For if their being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?
16 For if the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
17 And if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree,
18 do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you.
19 You will say then, "Branches were broken off that I might be grafted in."
20 Well said. Because of unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear.
21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either.
22 Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise you also will be cut off.
23 And they also, if they do not continue in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again.
24 For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?
25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: "The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;
27 For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins."
28 Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.
29 For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
30 For as you were once disobedient to God, yet have now obtained mercy through their disobedience,
31 even so these also have now been disobedient, that through the mercy shown you they also may obtain mercy.
32 For God has committed them all to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all.
33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!
34 "For who has known the mind of the LORD? Or who has become His counselor?"
35 "Or who has first given to Him And it shall be repaid to him?"
36 For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.
Romans 12 (NKJV™)
1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service.
2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
3 For I say, through the grace given to me, to everyone who is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think, but to think soberly, as God has dealt to each one a measure of faith.
4 For as we have many members in one body, but all the members do not have the same function,
5 so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another.
6 Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, let us prophesy in proportion to our faith;
7 or ministry, let us use it in our ministering; he who teaches, in teaching;
8 he who exhorts, in exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.
9 Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil. Cling to what is good.
10 Be kindly affectionate to one another with brotherly love, in honor giving preference to one another;
11 not lagging in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord;
12 rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation, continuing steadfastly in prayer;
13 distributing to the needs of the saints, given to hospitality.
14 Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse.
15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep.
16 Be of the same mind toward one another. Do not set your mind on high things, but associate with the humble. Do not be wise in your own opinion.
17 Repay no one evil for evil. Have regard for good things in the sight of all men.
18 If it is possible, as much as depends on you, live peaceably with all men.
19 Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the Lord.
20 Therefore "If your enemy is hungry, feed him; If he is thirsty, give him a drink; For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head."
21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.
Romans 13 (NKJV™)
1 Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God.
2 Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves.
3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same.
4 For he is God's minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God's minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil.
5 Therefore you must be subject, not only because of wrath but also for conscience' sake.
6 For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God's ministers attending continually to this very thing.
7 Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor.
8 Owe no one anything except to love one another, for he who loves another has fulfilled the law.
9 For the commandments, "You shall not commit adultery," "You shall not murder," "You shall not steal," "You shall not bear false witness," "You shall not covet," and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up in this saying, namely, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself."
10 Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.
11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed.
12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand. Therefore let us cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light.
13 Let us walk properly, as in the day, not in revelry and drunkenness, not in lewdness and lust, not in strife and envy.
14 But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.
Romans 14 (NKJV™)
1 Receive one who is weak in the faith, but not to disputes over doubtful things.
2 For one believes he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats only vegetables.
3 Let not him who eats despise him who does not eat, and let not him who does not eat judge him who eats; for God has received him.
4 Who are you to judge another's servant? To his own master he stands or falls. Indeed, he will be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand.
5 One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind.
6 He who observes the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it. He who eats, eats to the Lord, for he gives God thanks; and he who does not eat, to the Lord he does not eat, and gives God thanks.
7 For none of us lives to himself, and no one dies to himself.
8 For if we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. Therefore, whether we live or die, we are the Lord's.
9 For to this end Christ died and rose and lived again, that He might be Lord of both the dead and the living.
10 But why do you judge your brother? Or why do you show contempt for your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
11 For it is written: "As I live, says the LORD, Every knee shall bow to Me, And every tongue shall confess to God."
12 So then each of us shall give account of himself to God.
13 Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather resolve this, not to put a stumbling block or a cause to fall in our brother's way.
14 I know and am convinced by the Lord Jesus that there is nothing unclean of itself; but to him who considers anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
15 Yet if your brother is grieved because of your food, you are no longer walking in love. Do not destroy with your food the one for whom Christ died.
16 Therefore do not let your good be spoken of as evil;
17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
18 For he who serves Christ in these things is acceptable to God and approved by men.
19 Therefore let us pursue the things which make for peace and the things by which one may edify another.
20 Do not destroy the work of God for the sake of food. All things indeed are pure, but it is evil for the man who eats with offense.
21 It is good neither to eat meat nor drink wine nor do anything by which your brother stumbles or is offended or is made weak.
22 Do you have faith? Have it to yourself before God. Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves.
23 But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not eat from faith; for whatever is not from faith is sin.
Romans 15 (NKJV™)
1 We then who are strong ought to bear with the scruples of the weak, and not to please ourselves.
2 Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, leading to edification.
3 For even Christ did not please Himself; but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached You fell on Me."
4 For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope.
5 Now may the God of patience and comfort grant you to be like-minded toward one another, according to Christ Jesus,
6 that you may with one mind and one mouth glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
7 Therefore receive one another, just as Christ also received us, to the glory of God.
8 Now I say that Jesus Christ has become a servant to the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made to the fathers,
9 and that the Gentiles might glorify God for His mercy, as it is written: "For this reason I will confess to You among the Gentiles, And sing to Your name."
10 And again he says: "Rejoice, O Gentiles, with His people!"
11 And again: "Praise the LORD, all you Gentiles! Laud Him, all you peoples!"
12 And again, Isaiah says: "There shall be a root of Jesse; And He who shall rise to reign over the Gentiles, In Him the Gentiles shall hope."
13 Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.
14 Now I myself am confident concerning you, my brethren, that you also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another.
15 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written more boldly to you on some points, as reminding you, because of the grace given to me by God,
16 that I might be a minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering of the Gentiles might be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.
17 Therefore I have reason to glory in Christ Jesus in the things which pertain to God.
18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ has not accomplished through me, in word and deed, to make the Gentiles obedient--
19 in mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God, so that from Jerusalem and round about to Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
20 And so I have made it my aim to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build on another man's foundation,
21 but as it is written: "To whom He was not announced, they shall see; And those who have not heard shall understand."
22 For this reason I also have been much hindered from coming to you.
23 But now no longer having a place in these parts, and having a great desire these many years to come to you,
24 whenever I journey to Spain, I shall come to you. For I hope to see you on my journey, and to be helped on my way there by you, if first I may enjoy your company for a while.
25 But now I am going to Jerusalem to minister to the saints.
26 For it pleased those from Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor among the saints who are in Jerusalem.
27 It pleased them indeed, and they are their debtors. For if the Gentiles have been partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister to them in material things.
28 Therefore, when I have performed this and have sealed to them this fruit, I shall go by way of you to Spain.
29 But I know that when I come to you, I shall come in the fullness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.
30 Now I beg you, brethren, through the Lord Jesus Christ, and through the love of the Spirit, that you strive together with me in prayers to God for me,
31 that I may be delivered from those in Judea who do not believe, and that my service for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints,
32 that I may come to you with joy by the will of God, and may be refreshed together with you.
33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.
Romans 16 (NKJV™)
1 I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea,
2 that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also.
3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus,
4 who risked their own necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ.
6 Greet Mary, who labored much for us.
7 Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.
8 Greet Amplias, my beloved in the Lord.
9 Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys, my beloved.
10 Greet Apelles, approved in Christ. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus.
11 Greet Herodion, my countryman. Greet those who are of the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord.
12 Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, who have labored in the Lord. Greet the beloved Persis, who labored much in the Lord.
13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren who are with them.
15 Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them.
16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. The churches of Christ greet you.
17 Now I urge you, brethren, note those who cause divisions and offenses, contrary to the doctrine which you learned, and avoid them.
18 For those who are such do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, and by smooth words and flattering speech deceive the hearts of the simple.
19 For your obedience has become known to all. Therefore I am glad on your behalf; but I want you to be wise in what is good, and simple concerning evil.
20 And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
21 Timothy, my fellow worker, and Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater, my countrymen, greet you.
22 I, Tertius, who wrote this epistle, greet you in the Lord.
23 Gaius, my host and the host of the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, and Quartus, a brother.
24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
25 Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery kept secret since the world began
26 but now has been made manifest, and by the prophetic Scriptures has been made known to all nations, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, for obedience to the faith--
27 to God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever. Amen.

New King James Version®, Copyright © 1982, Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Bible from 30,000 Feet - 2018, The

The book of Romans is the apostle Paul's letter to the church in Rome, and it focuses on God's plan of salvation for all humankind. Romans is the most systematic of Paul's letters, reading more like an elaborate theological essay rather than a letter. On this flight, we look at Paul's strong emphasis on Christian doctrine as well as his concern for Israel.

Take your knowledge of the full scope of Scripture to soaring heights with The Bible from 30,000 Feet. In this series, Skip Heitzig pilots you through all sixty-six books of the Bible, revealing major themes, principles, people, and events from Genesis to Revelation. Fasten your seatbelt and open your Bible for this sweeping panorama of Scripture that will increase your faith in God's plan for the world-and for you.

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Romans 1-16 - The Bible from 30,000 Feet - Skip Heitzig - Flight ROM01

The Bible from 30,000 feet, soaring through the scripture, from Genesis to Revelation.

[MUSIC PLAYING]

Would you turn in your Bibles please to the book of Romans as we cover this book tonight in one fell swoop. The book of Romans in the Bible from 30,000 feet. Let's have a word of prayer.

Father, we've had a time of worship. We've had a time of laughter. We now have a time of study of your word. We want to comprehend a little bit more about how this book fits together. We study it as the Book of Romans. Paul wrote it as a letter to a group of believers struggling with issues living in the city of Rome. Father, I pray that we would not only understand how it fits together, but understand what are the great principles that you want us to practically use for our growth. We ask these things in Jesus' name, amen.

We come in the book of Romans to the third section of the New Testament. The first being the gospel accounts, which is roughly a 33 year period of the life of Jesus Christ, a biography, a biographical sketch seen through four lenses. That's the gospels, followed by the historical writings of Luke in the book of Acts covering another 30 years of church history. The first 30 years once the church was born on the day of Pentecost until almost the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem, but not quite.

Now we have the letters, the epistles. These are letters from church leaders to church congregations and the first one is Paul's book to the Romans. Now you remember last time we were together the Lord Jesus told the church in Jerusalem, you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, Judea Samaria, and unto the ends of the earth.

Geographically, Rome would be considered the ends of the earth from the perspective of Jerusalem but from the perspective of the rest of the world, Rome was the very heart of the world itself. It was where all the action took place. It was where the power was seated in the Roman Empire.

Rome as a city had a gravitational pull for Paul. That is Paul always wanted to go to Rome. It was in his heart to do so. Toward the end of the book of Romans, he said, I have longed to come to you for many years now. And if by the will of God, I plan to come.

However, things didn't quite go exactly how Paul wanted them to go. He had taken a few different missionary journeys. He was on his way back to Jerusalem. He was warned not to go to Jerusalem. One of the prophets put a belt around his waist saying, whoever owns this belt will be so bound in Jerusalem. And they said, Paul, that's your belt. You probably shouldn't go to Jerusalem. And he said, why do you mean to break my heart? I'm willing to die in Jerusalem.

So he goes there, is in the temple, the Jews spot him, falsify a charge against him. He gets placed in Roman guard. And in Acts chapter 23 it says, "The following night the Lord stood by him and said--" now this is after he's been beaten, after he's been arrested, after the plans that he has made did not happen like he wanted them to happen. So everything is going wrong. The Lord appeared to him and said, "Be of good cheer, Paul. Do cheer up, man. It's all good, for as you have testified for me in Jerusalem. So you must also bear witness."

At Rome there that night the Lord promised Paul, you're going to get what you've always wanted. You're going to Rome. You've been faithful to testify of me in Jerusalem. People thought you shouldn't come. You thought you should. Here you are. You've testified for me in this city. Now you're going to give the same kind of powerful testimony in Rome.

That's why last week I said Paul toward the end of our study was getting what he always wanted, sort of. He's reached his goal, kind of. He wanted to go to Rome. He just didn't think he would go as a prisoner. He thought he would go as a preacher, a free agent being able to walk back and forth on the streets and share the gospel.

He didn't. He was arrested, taken to Caesarea, spent two years in Caesarea by the sea, went through a few different trials before two governors and one king. First governor was Antonius Felix, second governor Porcius Festus, and then finally before King Herod Agrippa II.

After two years of these trials and getting the run around, finally when the governor said, are you willing to stand trial in Jerusalem, Paul just put his hand up and used what was the right of every Roman citizen called appellatio, the right of appeal. And that is every Roman citizen if he felt he wasn't getting a good, fair shake down in a trial that he could appeal his case directly to the Supreme Court, which in those days was Caesar himself. He said, I appeal to Caesar. At which point Herod Agrippa said to Porcius Festus, you know this guy didn't do anything of a notable nature. He didn't really commit a crime. He could have gone free, but he appealed to Caesar because he used that card, I have to let him go to Rome.

That began Paul's journey to Rome, which ended in a shipwreck, which ended in another boat. Finally he gets to Rome. That's where we closed the book of Acts. By the time he writes Romans however he has not gone there yet. He's just wanting to go. He writes Romans from the city of Corinth. A little more of that as we go on.

But let me just kind of begin where I began on our Sunday morning messages. We're going to Romans on the weekend. I think it's wonderful that we're able to take one night and kind of look at the whole book, God willing, in one fell swoop.

This was the book that rocked the world of Martin Luther. It was reading the Book of Romans that changed this guy who was trying so hard as a monk to work his way to heaven. In fact, Martin Luther said, "If ever a monk got to heaven by his monkery, it is I." He tried so hard to keep all of the laws of the Catholic Church and no matter what he did and no matter how many times he confessed his sins and he confessed every bad thought even if another thought followed that bad thought while he was in confessional he said, oh, wait a minute, I have another thought that's bad, and he would confess it till finally the priest in charge said Martin, get out of here. Go commit some real sin and then come back and confess it.

So he was trying really hard but feeling miserable all the while and he came up to a phrase. The phrase that haunted him was the righteousness of God. We're going to get to it in chapter 1 verse 16 and 17 in a moment. The righteousness of God. He pondered that phrase. What does that mean, the righteousness of God? And he thought it meant the righteousness that I produce to earn my standing before God. I'm going to produce through my sincerity and my hard works enough righteousness to be right with God. That's how he interpreted the righteousness of God from a Catholic vantage point to me.

Here's his own words. "I had greatly longed to understand Paul's letter to the Romans and nothing stood in the way except that one expression, the righteousness of God, because I took it to mean that righteousness whereby God acts righteously in punishing the unrighteous. Day and night I pondered it until I grasped the truth that the righteousness of God is that righteousness whereby through grace and sheer mercy He justifies us by faith. Thereupon I felt myself to be reborn and to have the doors open to paradise. The whole of scripture then took on a whole new meaning."

Go down to chapter 1 verse 16, "For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ. It is the power of God to salvation for every one who believes for the Jew first and also for the Greek for in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith as it is written that just shall live by faith." In the book of Romans every major doctrine appears. Every New Testament doctrine appears. It is the Christian manifesto. It is Paul's Magna Carta.

I've divided the book of Romans into four sections. Chapters 1 to chapter 3 verse 20 is the first section. That's the wrath of God. The second section, chapter 3 verse 21 all the way to chapter 8 is the grace of God. Chapter 9, 10, and 11 is the plan of God, and finally chapters 12 to the end of the book is the will of God. That's how the book lays out. Paul is covering our predicament in sin, wrath of God, followed by the hope through the gospel that God gives a righteousness to us the grace of God, et cetera.

Now there are important words in this book that are repeated. The word "law" is repeated in Romans 78 times. The word "righteousness" shows up 66 times and the word "faith" appears 62 times. Those are the most repeated words in the book. Righteousness, law, faith. So here's the message of the book. If you want to be right with God, righteous before God, you can't do it through the law or keeping a set of laws but by faith in Jesus Christ. That's the theme of the book. How to be right with God, the righteousness of God, the righteousness He gives to us. But it doesn't come from the law. It comes by faith.

Now go back to verse 1. I know we're still in Romans chapter 1. That's why I said God willing we'll get through it. "Paul, a bond servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle separated to the gospel of God, which he promised before through His prophets in the holy scriptures concerning His son Jesus Christ our Lord who is born of the seed of David according to the flesh, and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness by the Resurrection from the dead. Through Him, we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all the nations for his name, among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ to all who are in Rome beloved of God called to be Saints."

I mentioned that Paul took three trips, three missionary journeys, and then finally, this last trip to Rome as a prisoner. On his third missionary journey when he was in the town of Corinth there he stayed for approximately 18 months. While he was in Corinth on his third missionary journey, we believe it is from that city that he wrote this letter to believers in Rome.

Now, Paul had never been to Rome. Always wanted to go. Heart's desire to go. Looking forward to going. He had never been when he wrote this letter. He's writing to Christians in Rome. The question comes if Paul hasn't been to Rome yet, he hasn't been there to start a church, yet a church has already started in Rome apart from Paul who was like the major church planter, who started it? How did a Christian movement come to be in Rome that deserved a letter like this from Paul to this place where Christians were now gathering and growing, yet Paul had never been? I'm so glad you asked.

Back in Acts Chapter 2 on the day of Pentecost, when the church is born and the people gather in the temple area because they hear the speaking in tongues, et cetera, that are going on, it gives a list of who is there. It says, "Parthians, Medes, Elamites, those dwelling in Mesopotamia Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia and Pamphilia, Egypt and the parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes." That's how it started. Those visitors, natural born Jews, those who converted to the Jewish faith, are on pilgrimage to Jerusalem the day of Pentecost happens.

They want to know what's happening. Peter explains the gospel to them. 3,000 souls that day get saved. Huge altar call. Not five, not 10, not 20, not wow, one person came forward. 3,000 people get saved. No doubt among those 3,000 were a sizable group of Romans who then went back to the Jewish community in Rome, and that's how the church started.

So by the time Paul gets to Corinth on his third journey, he hears about it and he writes this incredible letter to the church of Rome. Here's what you should keep in mind as you go through this book. When he writes this he has three major groups in mind that he is writing to, pagans, moralists, and religious folks, religionists let's call them.

First of all, pagans, there were Greeks. There were Romans. They were polytheistic. They believed in their own worship system. They had their own style, et cetera. Then there were the moralists who believed that they keep a moral code and work hard in their own religious persuasion. Then there were Jewish legalists as well as Gentiles, but mostly Jewish self righteous religious folks.

Paul has the pagan, the moralist, and the religious person in mind when he writes this book and he tells all of them if you're a pagan and you have a false religious system, if you're Jewish and you have the true God that you're worshipping from the Old Testament, if you're a moralist, no matter who you are, every one of you has fallen short of God's glory, God's standard. You can't on your own make a righteousness that is worthy of God. And so he brings that home, especially in the first three chapters.

If you go down to verse 18 he launches into the first section that we talked about, the wrath of God. Look at verse 18. "For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all and godliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness." And we have been studying this on Sunday mornings. I'm not going to be laborate or go much into depth except to say that's the first section, the wrath of God.

Now this is interesting. I have heard for years from people who don't really know their Bibles, but swear they do, and say, well, the God of the Old Testament is a God of wrath, but the God of the New Testament is a very different god. And that's why those two systems are incompatible because the Old Testament God is a god of wrath. The New Testament God is a god of grace.

Whenever I hear that, I think a, you don't know your Old Testament, b, you don't know your New Testament, because if you knew your Old Testament, there are so many beautiful gracious promises that are given. The new covenant is promised in the Old Testament. "I will make a new covenant Jeremiah," 31:33, "with the house of Israel" not based upon what they can do, but I'm going to write my law in their hearts, or scriptures like Psalm 32. "Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord does not impute iniquity." That's grace. That's favor.

And they don't know their New Testament. There's plenty of wrath in the New Testament. It's the same God in the Old and the New Testament. It's a balance of both. The wrath of God as revealed from heaven, Romans 1:18. Ephesians chapter 2, you has he made alive Paul said who were dead and trespasses and sins in which you once walked according to the course of this world according to the prince of the power of the air, the one who now works in the children of disobedience, and you were by nature the children of wrath even as others. That is you are under the wrath of almighty God, by nature.

We'll get to the Book of Revelation. The tribulation period breaks out. Revelation chapter 6, those who are on the earth are afraid of the judgments that come out of heaven. And they say to the mountains, fall on us and hide us from the wrath of the Lamb. Have you ever seen a wrathful Lamb? It sounds like an oxymoron. Look out, an angry lamb. Nobody hangs a sign up, beware of lamb. But that is Jesus coming back with the authority to judge the world. And that's highlighted in the New Testament. So both testaments showed that mankind is under the wrath of God, but as we get in the second section of Romans the grace of God is available.

Now I'll take you over to chapter 3 verse 19 where we close out this section on the wrath of God. After speaking to the pagan, to the moralist, to the religionist, he says in verse 19 of Romans 3, "We know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law that every mouth may be" stopped and the whole world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in his sight for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

So the gavel goes down in the courtroom. The final verdict from the heavenly judge is all are guilty, all have sinned, all have fallen short, or it says here that every mouth may be stopped and all the world may become guilty before God.

So the first three chapters, Paul paints the picture that we are in a pretty awful predicament and there's no hope. There's no ray of light. The judgment of God is coming. The wrath of God is coming. And that closes out verse 20.

Between verse 20 and verse 21 is a Grand Canyon. There's a gulf. There's a division. He goes from the previous subject, the wrath of God. He rounds the corner to speak about as if to say, but wait a minute, story's not done yet, and he pivots to the grace of God. Look at the first two words, but now. After painting such a dismal, dark, black picture, after leaving us in verse 20 in the dark cave of the wrath of God for our sin, the light starts to dawn. But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed.

I love this pivot and this Grand Canyon between these two versus. To put it into words of Chronicles of Narnia, the long dark winter is over and Aslan is on the move. That's what we get in verse 20, but now, the righteousness of God, that is the righteousness God provides for us unrighteous folk. Apart from the law, apart from anything you could do is revealed, is showcased being witness by the law and the prophets.

Now right here at this section, this is what change everything for Martin Luther. This is really what brought on the great reformation. This is the verse that years later Donald Gray Barnhouse, that great Bible expositor from the 10th Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia-- he was reading this and he drew a heart in the margin of verse 21, and he said, this is the most important verse in all the Bible, but now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed.

So chapter 3 verse 21 all the way to the end of chapter 8 is the second section that is the grace of God. Look at verse 22. Let's just finish this out.

"Even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely by His grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness because, in His forbearance, God had passed over the sins that were previously committed to demonstrate, at the present time, His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus."

Now, there's three key words that are important to our theological understanding, that are in this section that I just read. First is the word justified, verse 24. Justification. Second is the word redemption, also found in verse 24. And, third, the word propitiation, which is a word I doubt you used in the last month, unless you read your Bible and quoted this verse. Justification, redemption, propitiation.

Let's take the first word, justification, or justify. Paul likes that word. He uses that word, in his letters, 30 times. Think he likes the word? 30 times he uses it in his epistles. 15 of those 30 are used in the book of Romans alone. It is a legal word. It's a forensic word. To justify somebody is to bring them into a law court, and to declare a person righteous. And then to treat that person, who has been declared righteous, as though they are righteous.

So it's a declaration, then an action based upon the declaration. It's a legal term. It's a forensic term. It comes from the law courts. Evidence is presented, but I say, not guilty. Now, I'm going to treat you as if you're not guilty. That's justification. God justifies us by faith. One way that I've seen it, and I've told you how I've seen it, to look at justified is by breaking the word apart. You're justified. I'm justified. God treats me just if I'd never sinned, as perfectly righteous. That's justification.

Second important word in this section is redemption. Now, we're not in the law court. We're in the slave market with this word. This word means to buy back. The word redeem means to pay a price and set a prisoner free. You would go, in those days, to a slave market, when slavery bounded in the Roman Empire, and you could pay a price and bring a slave home, or give a slave its freedom. It means to set free by paying a ransom, a price. So the price has been paid by what Jesus did on Calvary, and he set those of us who were slaves free.

Third is the word propitiation. It's been translated a whole bunch of different ways by different modern translations-- atonement, sacrifice. It's a hard word to translate. And so, propitiation, even though it's hard, it's a pretty good word. Let me give an explanation from an Old Testament text, and then I think you'll understand it.

Do you remember how I told you before about this version of the Old Testament translated into the Greek language, called the Septuagint version? Remember when we did Between the Testaments, I gave you all that history, talked about the Septuagint version. It's because Greek became the lingua franca of the world, and so, down in Alexandria, Egypt, these scholars spent a lot of time taking the Hebrew Old Testament, that people didn't speak anymore in the Greek world, translated it into Greek. That's the Septuagint.

In the Septuagint version, the Greek version of the Old Testament, this word-- same exact word-- the Greek word is hilasterion, translated propitiation, shows up 20 times in the Septuagint for the lid of the Ark of the Covenant, called the mercy seat. So one way to translate this, and would be very proper, God sent forth Jesus as our mercy seat. You know what happened on the mercy seat. God showed mercy. So blood was sprinkled on the lid, the hilasterion, blood of an animal was sprinkled. Underneath that, in that box, was a copy of the 10 Commandments, the law of God that the children of visual had broken. They had disobeyed. And so there was blood covering their broken law. Jesus is the propitiation, the covering, the mercy seat.

Chapter 4 gives an example of how God justifies, through Abraham, the great patriarch of Judaism. He justifies people by faith. And so he says, let me explain about Abraham. Abraham lived before there was the law of Moses. And Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him as righteousness. So that's the example in chapter 4.

Chapter 5 talks about the benefits of being justified by faith. A couple of them right up front. "Therefore-- chapter 5, verse 1-- "having been justified by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand. And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. And not only that, but we glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance."

So here's the benefits of simply believing in a righteous God, who freely justifies you by that faith. And then he compares, as the chapter goes on, Adam and Christ, and shows you the contrast, shows you the similarities, but especially the differences.

Chapter 6 of Romans are a series of questions, as if to anticipate blowback, as if to anticipate somebody going, now, wait a minute, Paul, what about this or what about that? So there's this series of questions to show how the implication of this personally-- being justified by faith-- what does it mean.

So, for example, verse 1-- "What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? Certainly not." He answers himself. "How shall we who died to send live any longer in it." So he follows this Q and A format. We've explained to you, on the weekend services, that this is an ancient both rabbinical and Greek Socratic method of teaching, called the dia-tribo, the diatribe. You pretend that there is a dissenter in your midst, asking you questions. You bring up the questions. You give an answer to the question. And that leads the student from a preconceived error into truth. That's how he formats this section.

In chapter 7, he shows us the relationship between the law of Moses and the believer. If you look at verse 7 of chapter 7. Again, here's his questioning style. "What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Certainly not. On the contrary, I would not have known sin, except through the law, for I would not have known covetousness unless the law said, you shall not covet." So he's saying the law served a purpose. The law showed you that you're a lawbreaker. You read the law an go, oops, I already blew it. You read the 10 Commandments. Broke that one, broke that one, broke that one, broke that one. You broke them all. So the law served a purpose. It showed you you're a creep.

[LAUGHTER]

It amplified your problem. It put a magnifying glass on your creepiness. And so, when you look at the law, it's like, uh-oh. That's what you walk away with. Uh-oh, now what? Now, Paul will take that uh-oh, now what, in Galatians and say, the law was a schoolmaster to point us, to lead us to Christ. So he goes through that in chapter 7.

And then, in chapter 8, it's a beautiful chapter we've been covering on the weekends. The liberating, indwelling Holy Spirit of God in the life of the believer. You should know-- if you don't, I'll tell you, but most of you know, so you'll just hear this again, and it'll serve to remind you-- that Paul mentions the Holy Spirit only twice in the entire book of Romans, chapters 1 through 7, but, in chapter 8, he mentions the Holy Spirit 20 times in that chapter alone. It's the Holy Spirit's chapter. It's where it gets good. Your life filled with the Holy Spirit, that's where life gets good. That's where you get the power. He's the source.

So look at chapter 8, verse 11, as an example. "But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies, through His Spirit, who dwells in you." The chapter just gets brighter and brighter, and bigger, and culminates in that beautiful section that we covered this last weekend.

Verse 35-- "Who shall separate us"-- or a better translation-- "What shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, distress, persecution, famine, nakedness, peril, sword? Yet, in all these things"-- verse 7-- "we're more than conquerors-- that great single Greek word, hupernikao, we are super conquerors, hyper conquerors-- "through Him who loved us. I am persuaded that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus, our Lord."

Amen.

[APPLAUSE]

I'm glad you're still excited about that. If there's any experience in your life not covered by what Paul just wrote, tell me what it is, and I'll give you an all expense, free, paid vacation to anywhere in the world want. Five star hotel, stay as long as you want, if there's anything that can separate you from the love of God that isn't mentioned in this list. He covers it all. I can say that pretty confidently, because I know none of you will be able to.

[LAUGHTER]

So, beginning in chapter 9, we come to section three of this letter. Now, before we launch into this, let me just remind you who Paul was. Paul was, at one time, a Jewish rabbi. Paul was very zealous for the law. He said, I'm a Hebrew of the Hebrews. Concerning the law, a Pharisee. Concerning righteousness, which comes from the law, he said this-- I was blameless. I was as near perfect in keeping the law as possible.

Now, once he came to know Christ-- he was apprehended on that Damascus road. He went to Damascus, left Damascus, went to Arabia-- we mentioned that last week-- for three years. In Arabia, I'm guessing, at the foot of Mount Sinai, he had the parchments, the scrolls of the Old Testament. He poured over what he knew from the text of Scripture for three years. He had to get retaught everything, understanding the Old Testament through the lens of Jesus.

And he came out-- and I'm kind of giving you this background, because, I mean, Paul's letter to the Romans is the most doctrinal, most theological, most expansive, deepest of all of his letters. Again, he had never met these people in Rome. He's writing a letter to them. He'd never gone to Rome. But he writes so expansively.

Now, one of the problems, and this takes us to section number three, which is the plan of God, the plan of God for Jew and Gentile. One of the problems that they were certainly wondering about, or would at least wonder about, is what about the Jew? If the Jew has rejected Jesus as Messiah, if Israel has nationally rejected Jesus as Messiah, what does God do with that rejection? Did that take Him by surprise? Does He have a plan to do anything with that, or are they just kind of written off, because God made some promises to them in the past? Are all those promises negated now, because of their national rejection of Jesus as the Messiah?

And because there was a mix in Rome, ethnically, of both Jew and Gentile, this question would come up. And, indeed, the Jewish people did reject Jesus as the Messiah. So chapter 9, Paul writes about the sovereignty of God in election. The sovereignty of God in election. Chapter 10, the sovereignty of God in rejection. Yes, they rejected Jesus, but God is sovereign. God has a plan for that rejection. And, finally, in chapter 11, the sovereignty of God in reception, in bringing them back, and restoration, receiving them, and restoring them. So Paul is showing, in 9, 10, and 11, God's sovereignty with Jew and non-Jew-- and Gentile-- but especially the Jewish nation, in calling people, in choosing people, people who reject Him, and what He's going to do with that, and the plan He has for bringing the Jewish people back.

Now, this section is both doctrinal-- theological-- but also very personal and very emotional. And that emotion comes in chapter 9, verse 1. "I tell the truth in Christ. I am not lying. My conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit that I have a great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. For I wish that I, myself, were accursed from Christ, for my brethren, my countrymen, according to the flesh, who are Israelites."

Boy, what a change emotionally. Chapter 8, Paul left us on such a high. What can separate us from the love of Christ? Nothing can separate us. Nothing, nothing, nothing. Now, I'm really bummed out. I have such a weight, a sorrow in my heart. And what a statement, that I could wish myself accursed, or cut off, from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen, according to the flesh. Now, I'm not going to get into this, because this is going to be my sermon for Sunday and Saturday.

But I just want-- I want you to see the shift, and I want you to know that the reason he brings this up is because, well, there was quite a bit of nationalistic pride among the Jewish people. Paul would know that. Paul gives his pedigree of his background in Philippians, chapter 3. It was the Jewish representatives at the Jordan River when John the Baptist was baptizing, who were there with their pomp and ceremony, in their robes, and their denunciation of Jesus and John. And John the Baptist tells everybody there to repent. You know, he just sort of cut to the chase. You know, no fancy stories, no wonderful illustration or statistics. Just you guys are sinners. God's going to get you. Repent.

And so these legalistic Pharisees were there, and John looks at them, and he raises up his eyes to them, and he says, and don't you begin to think, in your heart, we have Abraham as our father. Because I tell you the truth, God is able to raise up from these very stones children to Abraham. So don't think, because you are born Jewish, that you have some special connection with God. Yes, you are God's chosen people, but you have to ratify that choice by your choice in faith to be a child of God, a son or a daughter of God.

So that takes us from chapter 9 to chapter 10. Verse 1, same theme. "Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is that they might be saved, for I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. For they, being ignorant of God's righteousness and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God. For Christ is the end of the law, for righteousness to every everyone who believes."

In a few months, some of you will join me in a trip of a lifetime. You'll stand within the city gates of Jerusalem. It'll be exciting. And you're going to go up to the Western Wall, that enclosure of stones that remain from the Second Temple Period, from the time of Jesus. And you'll see very pious, devout men and women, up at that Western Wall, moving and shaking very sincerely, and saying their prayers to God. And it's beautiful to see that kind of devotion. Sometimes I see that devotion and say, I'd like to see that more among Christian people. Their heart's into it. Their body's into it. They're not just mouthing the words, ya-ya-ya-ya, yawning while they do it. They're into it. They're worshipping the God of heaven.

Yes!

Amen.

But I think of this verse. I think of the sorrow that Paul must have had as he went to Jerusalem, and I see all of their piety and all of their devotion. And Paul says, "I bear them witness, they have a zeal for God, but it's not according to knowledge." In other words, they misunderstand. They don't understand. They don't have the full knowledge of the meaning of the text of their Torah. They don't understand that their Torah can't justify them. Their law, their Bible, all the words that they say they follow and practice, they think they're justified by that law. It doesn't justify them. They have a misunderstanding. They have zeal, but it's not according to knowledge.

So many people are zealous for God, but they-- you know, it's like-- it's like the woman at Samaria. She was very zealous, but it was a pagan worship system in Samaria. You Jews say Jerusalem is the place to worship. Well, we have our own temple. Jesus said, hey, lady-- this is my-- Skip's NSV, New Skip Version--

[LAUGHTER]

--we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews. That's what Jesus said. We know what we worship. And they did have a knowledge, but Paul says the knowledge that you have, for some of you, is a mis-knowledge, a misunderstanding. You don't really grasp the meaning of that revelation from the Old Testament. So it's a zeal without knowledge. "They, being ignorant of God's righteousness, seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God."

Do you realize that mankind, humankind in general, is addicted-- incurably addicted-- to working for their own salvation? It's part of who we are. Oh, God, I'll do better. I'll earn it. You'll see. You'll love me more. God can't love you more, because God can't love you any less. He loves you the way you are, and He knows every thing about you. So he can't love you any more. But we're incurably addicted to working for our own salvation. Paul-- "Concerning the righteousness which comes from the law, I was blameless."

I remember struggling when I would go to these classes in the church I was raised in. They were called CCD classes. It was Catholic Catechism doctrine classes. And it was taught by nuns and priests, and they're telling me, you know, how to get to heaven. And I had questions. Well, how do you know, when you die, you'll get to heaven? Well, you'll know when you get there, you know, basically.

[LAUGHTER]

I said, that's a little too late. And I-- I was always the kid who said, excuse me, I have a question. And, finally, I remember that he got-- one of these priests got so upset with me. He said, you always have these questions. It was just too hard for him. And I said, there is a Protestant Church down the street from my house, and I know a lot of the people who go there, and they seem to worship God very sincerely. Why is it necessary that I go further to this one, and why couldn't I go to that one? You're saying I'll go to hell if I go to that one, and I'll go to heaven if I go to this one. And, finally, he just threw up his hands and said, go wherever you want.

[LAUGHTER]

So I did.

[LAUGHTER]

[APPLAUSE]

"Christ"-- verse 4-- "is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes." Go down to verse 9. "If you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus, and believe in your heart God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved." So if somebody tells me, I believe in Jesus. I believe He rose from the dead. I confess Him as Lord. I turn to him and say, I believe you're saved. If somebody, in the third row, of our church, or 10th row, comes forward in an altar call and says, I believe Jesus is Lord, I believe He rose from the dead, we receive them by faith.

So why not, if somebody famous, like a Kanye West, says, I believe in Jesus, I believe He is Lord of all, I believe He died for my sins and rose from the dead, why would we ever be hesitant and say, well, I don't know about that? You-- you can't be. Why not? Can't God save anybody? Why not rejoice in that, and why not pray for him, and support any overture a person makes toward Christ? I applaud it. I remember when it happened with Bob Dylan, and we went to his concert, and I thought, you know, he preached more at that concert than most preachers preach at church.

[LAUGHTER]

OK, I'm off the soapbox.

[LAUGHTER]

I'm continuing on in verse 11. "For the Scripture says, whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame." He's quoting Isaiah 28. "For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord is rich to all who call upon Him. For whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved." Now, he quotes Joel 2. Now, remember I told you, Paul spent three years in Arabia. He's going through all those texts and Scriptures. He's reorienting himself to the Old Testament as a rabbi.

Having said that, I always marvel at his grasp of Scripture. You know, without a smartphone, without a computer program, just to be able to go, Joel 2, voom, Isaiah 28, voom. Psalm here, Psalm there, just stick it right in there. I do think it's important that we have enough grasp of Scripture so that, whatever we say we believe in and we practice, we can-- if somebody said, why do you do that? You don't say, I don't know, we've always done that. That's not a good answer. Or, I don't know, they do that at church. Not a good answer. You need to be able to say, like what Peter said on the Day of Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit fell upon the church and the Gentiles said, what is this?

And Peter said, this is that, which was spoken of by the prophet. And he quotes Joel. We need to be able to say this-- what I do, what I believe-- is that, which the Bible says. We need a biblical backing for what we believe. That's the real magic here of Paul doing this. He just doesn't say, this is what I think. He says, this is what the Scripture says, and he lays it out very carefully.

So I want to challenge all of you, all of us, to be Bereans. Acts 17:11 says those in Berea were more noble and fair minded than those in Thessalonica, and that they received the Word of God with all readiness of mind, but then searched the Scriptures daily to see if these things be so. I'm teaching you the Bible. I'm doing what I think is the clearest, cleanest, best way I know how. But don't walk away saying, it's got to be true, because Skip said it.

[LAUGHTER]

Never get that lazy. Say, OK, I received that, but I'm going to go check it out to make sure. I'm going to search the Scriptures to see if these things be so.

OK chapter 11, verse 1, "I say, has God cast away His people? Certainly not. I also am an Israelite of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew." Now, that question he asks, has God cast away His people, some today, who are Christians, believe the answer is, yes, God has cast away His people. And what they say is, because Israel rejected Jesus as the Messiah, God has rejected them from being His people. So there is no special place for Israel in the Kingdom Age, or in the future. All of those blessings that God gave to Israel are now assumed in the Church. We are the New Israel and all of the blessings God gave to Israel are our blessings. They're for the Church, not for Israel nationally.

It's very interesting that they would say that, because it reveals an inconsistent hermeneutic. That is, they're willing to say all the blessings that God had for Israel are now ours, but they won't say, all the cursings that God gave to Israel are now ours. So it's inconsistent in their interpretation. The truth is the cursings are theirs and the blessings are theirs, and God has a plan, in the future, to restore Israel nationally and geographically in the Kingdom Age.

Go down to verse 24. Key Scripture. "For if you were cut out of the olive tree, which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches"-- that is, the Jews-- "be grafted into their own olive tree?" Olive trees can last hundreds of years. But branches get brittle and broken, and they cease producing fruit. At which time, they cut those branches off. But the root is still good. So they take young, tender shoots off younger olive trees. They put a little hole in them, and stick them in, and they produce fruit again.

The picture is God has taken wild olives, Gentiles, stuck us into the root of Judaism, all the promises God made in the Old Testament about the Messiah. The natural branches have been laid aside temporarily, because, though it started as a Jewish movement, by and large today, people who believe in Jesus, by and large, are not Jewish. They're Gentiles. It's become a Gentile movement. The early church was Jewish, but then the gospel went to the Gentiles. The Jews, though there are some-- it's a blessed exception-- are believers in Messiah, for the most part, they don't believe. Yet. But Gentiles do. God has grafted us in. His point is, if God can graft in wild olive branches and produce great fruit, wait until you see the restoration of the natural ones, which he talks about throughout this chapter.

Go down to verse-- oh, oh, wait, wait, wait, verse 25. "I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion that blindness, in part, has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in." If you have an NIV, it says the full number of Gentiles. Is that right? The full number of Gentiles has come in. If you have a New Living Translation, it says, till the full number is completed. Am I right? Here, it says the fullness of the Gentiles, the idea is there's a number that represents the last number, the full number.

So, real quickly, this is awesome. The early church was Jewish. That door closed quickly. Non-Jewish people around the world embraced Jesus, by and large. God has done a work among the Gentile, non-Jewish, people of the world. That's called the Church Age. We're in the Church Age. But, at some point-- God knows the point, God knows the last number-- there's going to be a non-Jewish person, a Gentile, who raises their hand, or prays the prayer, believes in Jesus, and that will be the last one.

When that is the last one, I believe that's when the Lord will catch away His Church. When the Lord catches away His Church, He turns a page and opens up the door to fulfill the last part of the prophecy of Daniel 9, the 70th week of Daniel, the seven year period, where he deals with the Jewish nation, to restore them and have them believe in the Messiah, which they will by the end of that tribulation period. That's why he says in this chapter, "And all Israel will be saved."

So that's called the time of Jacob's trouble, Israel's trouble. Which means, if you, tonight, have not received Jesus, you could be the very person holding us up.

[LAUGHTER]

So would you get the show on the road and say, yes, to Jesus?

[APPLAUSE]

Verse 28-- "Concerning the gospel, they are enemies, for your sake. But concerning election, they are beloved, for the sake of the fathers. For the gifts and callings of God are irrevocable." That is, God made a covenant with Abraham, and, even though they broke the next covenant that God made with Moses, God still made a covenant with Abraham, and He is going to keep good on the promises He made to Abraham. "The gifts and callings of God to the Jewish people"-- that's the context of this-- "are irrevocable."

Chapter 12 to the end is the last section of the book, which I'm just going to skim over. It is the will of God. It is the graduation section of the book. He's been very doctrinal in this book. Chapter 12, he's very practical. "I beseech you, therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable, which is your reasonable service." The most logical thing you can do is give your body back to God for Him to use. "Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God."

Paul says, for 11 chapters, I've given you this doctrinal foundation. All of the things that I've talked about in 11 chapters, he's calling the mercies of God. I beseech you by the mercies of God. Now, you present your body to Him. Now, he does it-- he speaks about that generally. You go, hear am I, Lord. Take my body, use me, et cetera. And then, second, you do it specifically. You submit to the government. I hear guitar behind stage, so I know they're getting ready to come out. It's sort of like the music, like, hurry up.

[LAUGHTER]

OK, so specifically he shows our relationship, in chapter 13, to human government. This is how a redeemed child of God acts in a world of secular government. We submit to the laws of the land. We pray for those who are in authority. Then we should also do it to the Church, body of Christ, present ourselves to serve one another. I want to show you two groups, chapter 14 and 15, very quickly, just a couple verses.

Look at the first verse of chapter 14 and the first verse of chapter 15, and you'll see the two groups. "Receive one who is weak in the faith, but not to disputes over doubtful things." Look at chapter 15, verse 1. "We, then, who are strong, ought to bear with the scruples of the weak and not to please ourselves." Who are the two groups he's speaking about? The weak and the strong. What does he mean?

The weak are the legalistic believers in the Church, who are very narrow in their interpretation about diet, about what you can eat and not eat, kosher and non-kosher. God wouldn't like you eating that, or God didn't want you to have that. Or days of the week to worship-- you have to worship God on Sunday, or you've got to worship God on the Sabbath. And they got-- Paul says, I worship God every day. But those who are weak, you've got to understand they're among you. And when he says weak, they're weak in their faith. They're not strong in the faith. They don't have a strong, biblical foundation.

And, to Paul, he says, those who are strong have a little more freedom and liberality over things. They're not antinomian. They don't break God's law. They're not rebellious. But there's a freedom in the Spirit. But those who are free in the Spirit have to recognize you hang out sometimes with people who aren't, and yet you have to bear with them.

So that takes us to chapter 16. Look at that, we're going to make it. Even though it's overtime, we're going to make it.

[LAUGHTER]

Chapter 16, let me just say this. It's a list of names. It's one of my favorite chapters in the Bible. You go, a list of names? I would like a list of names. They're hard to pronounce. But what if your name were in that list? And here's why I like it, the whole last chapter Paul is-- he mentions 26 people. Probably people he's never met, he's just heard about. But he says, greet them. They're fellow workers. They're awesome.

Of the names he mentions, nine of them are women, who are helpers, workers, servants in the Church. So that puts aside the idea that Paul was misogynistic and a male chauvinist. He mentions the value of strong, capable women in the Church, even those who have helped him tremendously. He talks about-- this will throw you for a curve, verse 22-- "I, Tertius, who wrote this epistle, greet you in the Lord."

You're going, uh-oh, gotta change my whole theology of Romans. I always thought Paul wrote the book. He did, and he didn't. Paul dictated the book, but he had somebody taking down the notes. His name was Tertius. So he's saying, I was Paul's amanuensis. I was Paul's personal secretary. He dictated it, I wrote it down. That's all that is. Now, when you get to the book of Galatians, the last chapter, Paul will say this, "See what large letters I have written with my own hand." Remember that? What this means is probably Paul had an eye affliction.

I'll describe why when we get to Galatians. Don't have enough time. I'm over time. So he probably couldn't see very well, so he had to write large letters for him to be able to see. So he dictated the letter of Galatians, but, at the very end, he wrote his own greeting. Right? It's like signing the letter. See what large letters I have written unto you, and he signs his name. But it was also written by an amanuensis. The same with this. Tertius wrote it.

Now, we close the book. Last benediction of the book, longest benediction in the New Testament. "Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery kept secret since the world began, but now made manifest, and by the prophetic Scriptures made known to all nations, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, for obedience to the faith-- to God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever. Amen."

Listen, I did this in one night. No, no, wait. I don't say that to get a clap. Don't clap. We're doing it on the weekend. We've been in it for like 18 weeks. Martyn Lloyd-Jones of Westminster Chapel-- we visited that not long ago-- last century, went through the book of Romans with his congregation for 14 years. Donald Grey Barnhouse went through Romans with this congregation. Took him 10 years. He said, every week the church grew in numbers and grew in faith during that journey. So we've only done it in one night.

But here's something else to close with. One of the early church fathers, who I've always greatly admired, John Chrysostom, asked that the book of Romans be read to him aloud once a week for 18 years. Do you think he knew the book? Yeah. It was so foundational to him, it anchored him.

Now, your name is written in this last book, or this last chapter of the book of Romans, unless your name happens to be one of these names. But it's still not your name. Your name isn't written here. But your name can be written in the Lamb's Book of Life. And it doesn't matter if your name's written in Romans 16, but it does matter if your name's written in the Lamb's Book of Life, or not. So, if not-- and maybe you're that last Gentile-- say yes to Him.

Father, thank you for this time together that we've had. So enriching to be able to go through the whole book of Romans and see all of these sections from the wrath of God, the grace of God, the plan of God, the will of God, personally, and for us, your people together, the Church. We ask it in Jesus' name, for His sake and your glory. Amen.

Let's all stand.

[MUSIC PLAYING]

We hope you enjoyed this message from Skip Heitzig of Calvary Church. For more resources, visit calvarynm.church. Thank you for joining us for this teaching from The Bible from 30,000 Feet.

Additional Messages in this Series

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8/8/2018
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Flight GEN01
Genesis 1-11
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We're going back to the beginning in this first flight. Written by Moses and inspired by God Himself, Genesis means origin. From the formation of all created things and the fall of man to the flood and the fallout of man's rebellion, Genesis 1-11 chronicles the beginning of everything. It all starts here.
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8/15/2018
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Flight GEN02
Genesis 12-50
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This flight takes us through the biographical part of Genesis and God's response to man's rebellion. Four men are prominent in the formation of the nation of Israel: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Through this lineage, God would fulfill His promise of salvation for humanity.
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8/22/2018
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Flight EXO01
Exodus 1-18
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The central event in this flight through Exodus is the redemption of God's people, the Israelites, from their bondage in Egypt. We fly over Egypt and the wilderness where Israel wandered for forty years. The plight of the Israelites, their disobedience, and God's deliverance all foreshadow Jesus Christ.
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9/5/2018
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Flight EXO02
Exodus 19-40
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The Sinai Peninsula is the backdrop for this flight to Exodus, where God gave Moses the Ten Commandments along with detailed instructions for how He was to be worshiped. Miraculous signs of God's absolute power abound, along with the revelation from God that would define Israel's national identity.
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9/12/2018
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Flight LEV01
Leviticus 1-27
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Leviticus describes the worship life of the nation of Israel. We discover how the Israelites were instructed to make atonement for their sin through sacrifice. The overarching theme of this book can be summed up in one word: holiness. After centuries of captivity in Egypt, the Israelites needed a reminder of who God is, His absolute holiness, and how they were to live set apart for Him.
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10/10/2018
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Flight NUM01
Numbers 1-36
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Numbers contains two censuses of the Hebrew people. The first is of the generation that left Egypt, including how they were organized, their journey in the wilderness, and their refusal to enter the Promised Land. Due to their disobedience, the first generation of Israelites failed to enter the land God had promised; however, God remained faithful by leading a new generation into the Promised Land.
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10/17/2018
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Flight DEU01
Deuteronomy 1-34
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After forty years of wandering, the Israelites were finally ready to enter the Promised Land. The book of Deuteronomy can be organized around three messages Moses gave while the Israelites waited to enter the land. With the key word of this book being covenant, Deuteronomy speaks of the special relationship God established with His people.
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10/24/2018
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Flight JOS01
Joshua 1-24
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In this flight over the book of Joshua, we get to know its namesake, who shared in all the events since Exodus and held the place of military commander under Moses' leadership. We'll also get a tour of the Promised Land and follow Israel's conquest of Canaan, after which Joshua divided the land among the twelve tribes.
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11/7/2018
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Flight JUD01
Judges 1-21
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The Israelites experienced a period of victorious conquests in Canaan after Joshua's death. But as their obedience to God's laws and their faith in God's promises diminished, Israel became entrenched in the sin cycle. God divinely appointed Judges to provide leadership and deliverance during this chaotic time. Sadly, God's people repeatedly did what was right in their own eyes.
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11/28/2018
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Flight RUT01
Ruth 1-4
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In this flight, we'll see the godly love and courage of two very different women from very different backgrounds. And we'll meet Boaz, who became Ruth's kinsman-redeemer, a type of Christ. Although the book of Ruth is short, it is prophetically important in terms of the genealogy of Jesus Christ. Ruth's story of romantic grace places love at the center of each of its four chapters.
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12/5/2018
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Flight 1SAM1
1 Samuel 1-31
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In this flight, we find the nation of Israel in desperate need of direction and leadership. We will meet the man whose good looks, physical stature, and success in war made him an obvious choice from a human perspective, but Israel's first king had a tragic flaw: pride. From the ashes of King Saul's calamitous reign, God raised up an unlikely man who would become Israel's next king, a man after His own heart.
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1/16/2019
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Flight 2SAM1
2 Samuel 1-24
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David went from shepherding livestock to serving as God's sovereign king in Israel. His faith and obedience assured him military and political victory as one by one he defeated Israel's enemies. In this flight, we both celebrate David's successes and identify with his failures as we get to know this man whom God called, "a man after My own heart."
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1/23/2019
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Flight 1KIN1
1 Kings 1-22
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After years of being a powerful unified nation under King David, Israel, because of their disobedience, became a divided nation under many different kings. This book reveals a story of good kings and bad kings, true prophets and false prophets, and faithfulness and disobedience to God.
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2/6/2019
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Flight 2KIN1
2 Kings 1-25
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Despite the many kings who took control of Israel, the nation still lacked true leadership. Second Kings continues the history of a divided Israel, and we see what happens when a nation passes from affluence and influence to poverty and paralysis.
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2/13/2019
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Flight 1CHR1
1 Chronicles 1-29
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The book of 1 Chronicles recounts the lineage of King David as well as God's promise that He would establish His reign on earth through this man after His own heart. As we see how God fulfilled His promises to David, we discover how that presents a witness of His faithfulness to us today.
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3/6/2019
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Flight 2CHR1
2 Chronicles 1-36
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After King Solomon's reign and death, the nation of Israel went on a spiritual roller coaster ride that ended with the division of the kingdom and the people's exile. From the temple's building to its decline and destruction, we see a parallel to 1 and 2 Kings from a spiritual viewpoint.
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3/27/2019
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Flight EZR01
Ezra 1-10
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The book of Ezra begins with King Cyrus' decree for the children of Israel to rebuild the temple at Jerusalem. Ezra tells of two different returns: the first led by Zerubbabel to rebuild the temple, and the second by Ezra to bring reformation to the people. In this flight, we see God's faithfulness in keeping His promise to return His people to their homeland.
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4/3/2019
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Flight NEH01
Nehemiah 1-13
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At the end of Ezra, the temple in Jerusalem had been rebuilt and dedicated, but the city walls were still in ruins. After gaining permission from the king of Persia, Nehemiah led a group to repair and rebuild the walls. Though he was met with hostility and conflict, we see how Nehemiah gathered his spiritual strength from God during trialing times.
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4/10/2019
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Flight EST01
Esther 1-10
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Esther reads almost like a fairy tale: A Jewish maiden becomes queen of Persia. The villain launches an attack to destroy the Jews. In the end, his plot is thwarted by the hero and the brave maiden, who risks her life to save her people. Though the name of God isn't mentioned once in this short book, we clearly see God's providence and faithfulness in dealing with His people.
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4/24/2019
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Flight JOB01
Job 1-42
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The book of Job opens in the throne room of heaven with a conversation between God and Satan regarding the faithfulness of a man named Job. God allowed Satan to test Job, and Satan caused Job to lose his health, wealth, and even his beloved family. But in the midst of Job's tragic circumstances, God revealed His sovereignty and faithfulness, and Job's steadfast faith prevailed.
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5/1/2019
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Flight PSA01
Psalms 1-150
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The book of Psalms is a collection of songs, prayers, and poetry that express the deepest of human emotions. These artistic masterpieces were compiled over a period of roughly 1,000 years from the time of Moses to the time of Ezra and the return from the Babylonian exile. As we fly over the Psalms, we'll see beautiful writings of gladness and grief, pleading and prayers, and reverence and worship—all with one overarching theme: a complete dependence on the love and power of God.
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5/8/2019
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Flight PRO01
Proverbs 1-31
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Known for the wisdom it contains, the book of Proverbs reveals how to deal with everyday situations. But more than just good advice, it is God's words of wisdom, which we need in order to live righteously. These proverbs are universal principles that apply to all people for all times, because they speak of the character of God and the nature of man—both of which remain constant.
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5/15/2019
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Flight ECC01
Ecclesiastes 1- 12
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The book of Ecclesiastes records King Solomon's intense search to find meaning and fulfillment in life. In this flight, we discover some significant truths—namely, that all worldly things are empty and that life's pursuits only lead to frustration. After tasting all that this world has to offer, Solomon ultimately concluded that life without God is meaningless.
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5/22/2019
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Flight SON01
Song of Solomon 1-8
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The Song of Solomon portrays a moving love story between King Solomon and a shepherdess. The story reveals the intimacy, love, and passion that a bridegroom and his bride share in a marriage relationship. Even more than the fulfillment found in the love between a husband and wife, we'll discover that the spiritual life finds its greatest joy in the love God has for His people and Christ has for His church.
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5/29/2019
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Flight ISA01
Isaiah 1-27
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The prophet Isaiah's ministry lasted around fifty years and spanned the reigns of four kings in Judah. His prophecies are quoted in the New Testament more often than any other prophet's. In this first flight over Isaiah, we focus on his prophecies of condemnation that pulled no punches and pointed out Israel's need for God.
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6/26/2019
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Flight ISA02
Isaiah 28-66
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Of all the Old Testament prophets, Isaiah is thought by many to be the greatest, in part because of his clear prophecies about the Messiah. In this second flight over his book, we see his continued work and how God used his prophecies of both condemnation and comfort to generate change in the individuals he encountered.
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7/3/2019
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Flight JER01
Jeremiah 1-20
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The book of Jeremiah is a series of oracles written in the southern kingdom of Judah over a period of fifty-plus years. It speaks of judgment, the promise of restoration, and the protective hand of God over those He loves. In this flight, we catch a glimpse of the man behind the prophecies as he allowed God to speak through him in unusual ways to open the eyes of the people of Israel.
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7/10/2019
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Flight JLA01
Jeremiah 21-52; Lamentations 1-5
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The prophet Jeremiah allowed God to speak through him in unusual ways to open the eyes of the people of Israel. As we complete our flight over his book, we find the prophet reinvigorated by God's promises as he continued to prophesy Babylon's impending invasions and, ultimately, Judah's captivity. Then our flight continues over the poetic book of Lamentations, which Jeremiah wrote as he wept and grieved over Jerusalem's destruction, ending the book with a prayer for Israel's restoration from captivity.
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7/17/2019
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Flight EZE01
Ezekiel 1-48
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Written by Ezekiel the priest, this book takes place during the second Babylonian captivity and documents the fulfillment of several prophecies from previous Old Testament books. In this flight, we see God continue to offer promises of restoration through Ezekiel, bringing the nation hope despite their tribulations.
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7/24/2019
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Flight DAN01
Daniel 1-8
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Chronologically, the book of Daniel links the time of the kings in 2 Chronicles to the restoration of Jerusalem in the book of Ezra. It begins with the first Babylonian captivity and ends with Daniel's vision of seventy weeks. In it, we witness both prophetic history and the four prophetic visions of Daniel, as well as powerful stories that reveal a faithful man of God who was unwilling to compromise his beliefs.
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7/31/2019
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Flight DAN02
Daniel 9-12
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Midway through the book of Daniel, the focus shifts from the historic to the prophetic. Daniel's four prophetic visions reveal the stunning accuracy of biblical prophecy, as well as Daniel's uncompromising faith in God's fulfillment. From the rise and fall of human kingdoms to the Messiah and the day of judgment, Daniel's visions drove him to his knees in fervent prayer for the people of Israel.
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8/7/2019
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Flight HOS01
Hosea 1-14
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Hosea prophesied to the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Jeroboam II, and he had a clear message to deliver: Israel had rejected God, so they would be sent into exile and become wanderers in other nations. On this flight, we see a clear parallel between Hosea's adulterous wife—whom God had instructed Hosea to marry—and Israel's unfaithfulness. But even as Hosea endured a rocky marriage, he continued to share God's plan that He would bring His people back to Himself.
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8/14/2019
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Flight JAO01
Joel 1-3; Amos 1-9; Obadiah
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Through three ordinary men—Joel, Amos, and Obadiah—God delivered extraordinary messages to His people, warning them against greed, injustice, false worship, and self-righteousness. On this flight, we witness God's patience and love for Israel, and we see how He stands ready to forgive and restore all who turn away from their sin.
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8/21/2019
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Flight JON01
Jonah 1-4
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Rather than focusing on prophecy, the book of Jonah narrates a prophet's story. Jonah was blatantly disobedient to God's call, but despite his defiance, God redirected his path through a unique situation. The resulting revival in Nineveh shows us that God's grace reaches beyond the boundaries of Israel to embrace all nations.
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8/28/2019
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Flight MNH01
Micah 1-7; Nahum 1-3; Habakkuk 1-3
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God used three prophets—Micah, Nahum, and Habakkuk—to criticize, comfort, and inspire: Micah encouraged social justice and the authentic worship of God. Nahum prophesied against the Assyrians for returning to their evil practices. And though Habakkuk didn't address Israel directly, his message assured them that evil does not endure forever. Through these prophets, God's people confessed their sins and grew confident in His salvation.
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9/4/2019
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Flight ZHA01
Zephaniah 1-3; Haggai 1-2
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The prophet Zephaniah addressed the social injustice and moral decay of Judah and her neighbors, proclaiming the coming day of the Lord and His wrath upon the nations—both an immediate judgment and a future end-times judgment. God sent Haggai the prophet to preach to the restored community of Jews in Jerusalem after their return from exile in Babylonia. Haggai encouraged the nation to set aside their selfishness and finish rebuilding the temple, an act of obedience that would align their desire with God's desire.
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9/18/2019
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Flight ZMA01
Zechariah 1-14; Malachi 1-4
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As we fly over the last books of the Old Testament, we first look at the expanded message of rebuilding the temple when Zechariah encouraged Israel to anticipate their ultimate deliverance and the Messiah's future reign. One hundred years after the temple was rebuilt, the book of Malachi revealed that God's chosen people had once again slid back into their sinful practices. Malachi declared God's promise of a coming messenger, John the Baptist, and a coming Messiah.
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10/2/2019
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Flight INT01
Intertestamental Period
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In between the Old and New Testaments lies 400 years of history. During this intertestamental period, God chose not to speak to His people through prophets as He orchestrated people, politics, and events in preparation of the coming Messiah. Scholars have come to call these four centuries the silent years. Remarkably, the silence would be broken by a newborn baby's cry in Bethlehem.
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10/9/2019
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Flight MML01
Matthew 1-28; Mark 1-16; Luke 1-24
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These three Synoptic Gospels give us our first glimpses of Jesus' life and death here on earth. Matthew, Mark, and Luke present Jesus Christ as the promised Messiah, the Servant of the Lord, and the Son of Man, respectively. On this flight, we'll see the service, sermons, sacrifices, and sovereignty of Jesus as we witness the fulfillment of many Old Testament prophecies.
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10/16/2019
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Flight JOH01
John 1-21
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The spiritual depth of John sets it apart from the other Gospels, with one-third of its content dedicated to the last week of Jesus' life. Rather than focusing on what Jesus did, John focused on who Jesus is, presenting Him as God incarnate and highlighting His deity. On this flight, we'll see seven miraculous signs of Jesus, as well as seven statements that He used to identify Himself as God.
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10/23/2019
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Flight ACT01
Acts 1-28
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The book of Acts presents the history of a dynamic, growing community of believers that started in Jerusalem and went on to spread the gospel throughout the known world. In this book, the gospel writer Luke also recorded how the early church received the Holy Spirit, who enabled them to witness, love, and serve with boldness and courage, even when faced with persecution.
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11/13/2019
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Flight 1COR1
1 Corinthians 1-16
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In 1 Corinthians, Paul confronted the problems that had infiltrated the influential church at Corinth and defended his position as an apostle of Christ. He later rejoiced over their repentance and acceptance of his God-given authority. On this flight, we discover the power of a new life in Jesus as we see how Paul shared the heart of the gospel with his fellow believers.
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11/20/2019
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Flight 2COR1
2 Corinthians 1-13
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After Paul wrote 1 Corinthians, false teachers began spreading opposition to him in the Corinthian church. Paul sent Titus as his representative to deal with them, and most of the church repented. Paul wrote this epistle to express his joy at the turnaround and to appeal to them to accept his authority, which was confirmed by the many hardships he suffered for the gospel. On this flight, we find beautiful truths to carry with us through our own times of suffering.
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There are 43 additional messages in this series.